"Evangelization will always contain
as the foundation, centre and, at the same time,
the summit of its dynamism
-- a clear proclamation that,
in Jesus Christ salvation is offered to all men,
as a gift of God's grace and mercy."
"The new evangelization," according to John Paul II,
"is not a matter of merely passing on doctrine
but rather of a personal and
profound meeting with the Savior.”
St. Francis taught that we should preach always and when necessary we should use words. (no one knows if he really said this but, there is truth in the concept)
In our society today we need more words and much more action……
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It is a strange new world. But when you stop and think about it, Mary is standing at the foot of the cross and her son says to her, “woman, here is your son” and then looking at John he says, “here is your mother”. A strange new world.
And then shortly after the body of her son disappears and they say he has risen from the dead. A strange new world.
And then in the upper room, Mary and the apostles are greeted by her son, not an apparition but in the flesh, and there is Thomas sticking his fingers in the wounds, it is a strange new world.
As a child I was told to grow like a willow tree and not an oak or maple. For the oak or maple does not like to change and when change happens they tend to die. But the willow bends with the wind and endures the changes around it. The willow adapts and continues to grow.
It is a strange new world but change is something that the scriptures and Jesus constantly call us to. For the “I” must diminish and Christ must increase, is a constant reminder that we are called to grow and growth demands change.
We will adapt and we will rise and gather again. Jesus did not promise to take our struggling away, he promised to be with us in our struggles. Jesus did not promise an end to death, he promised eternal life with Him.
I often get asked why I insist on making my own Easter Candle. There are a number of reasons. One, it's actually kind of fun; it’s that working with your hands and creating something special. Two, it's carrying on a tradition I learnt from Fr. Larry. Three, and most important, because it is in keeping with the Vigil mass.
At the beginning of the Easter Vigil a fire is lit and blessed. This new fire begins the vigil, for it represents the inflaming of the heavenly desire we should each have in our hearts as a response to God’s love. The desire in our hearts should be to love God in the same manner God has loved us; the God who laid down his life for each of us.
Once the fire is lit and blessed the Easter, or Paschal, Candle is prepared. In most places the candle has been prepared ahead of time and the priest/bishop merely traces over what has already been cut or placed on the candle.
The markings are as follows:
After that the priest continues. Five holes representing the wounds of Christ should have been place in the cross. One above where the vertical line was cut, one in the center of the vertical line, hole two, one at the bottom of the vertical line, hole three, at the left side of the horizontal line is hole four and one the right side of the horizontal line is hole five. Into each of these holes the priest places a grain of incense. After placing the grains of incense in the holes the priest will place a small nail into each of the holes to help us remember Christ nailed to the cross. The five grains of incense inserted into the candle in the form of a cross recall the aromatic spices with which His Sacred Body was prepared for the tomb, [remind us] and of the five wounds in His hands, feet, and side. As the priest/bishop places the grains of incense in the holes or as he touches the prepared nails he says:
The priest/bishop then lights the Easter Candle saying or singing “May the light of Christ rising in glory dispel the darkness of our hearts and minds.”
Generally the Deacon, following the thurifer then carries the lit Easter candle into the church. At the doors of the church the Deacon proclaims “The Light of Christ” and the people respond “Thanks be to God”. After this proclamation the priest and other ministers light their candles from the Paschal (Easter) candle and share that light with those entering the church. If a fire cannot be started outside then the preparation prayers of the candle and the fire is omitted, and the procession starts with a simple lighting of the candle and procession from the back of the church to the front.
When the procession arrives at the middle of the church the Deacon once again proclaims "The Light of Christ" and the people respond "Thanks be to God." Again when the procession reaches the Altar the Deacon proclaims "The Light of Christ" and the people respond "Thanks be to God." One would hope that by the time the Easter (Pascal) Candle reaches the Altar the people would have filled the church with light and silence. The focal point of all of this is the Light of Christ come into the world. Each of us by our baptism takes the light of Christ to the world. Our commissioning at the end of every mass is to go out into the world taking Christ with us and returning with the needs of the world so we might pray for the needs of the world.
When the Easter (Paschal) Candle is in its stand beside the Ambo and everyone is in their places the Deacon goes to the Priest/Bishop seeking his blessing so that he might proclaim the Paschal praises in a worthy and fitting manner. This prayer is called the Easter Proclamation or the Exsultet. There are two forms both a long and short form but NOW: here comes the important part. In both the long form and the short form these words must be said/sung. “On this your night of grace, O Holy Father, accept this candle, a solemn offering, the work of bees and of your servants hands, an evening sacrifice of praise, this gift of your most holy Church." The pure beeswax of which the candle is made represents the sinless Christ who was formed in the womb of His Mother. The wick signifies His humanity, the flame, His Divine Nature, both soul and body. The work of making the candle is a joining with God in God’s creative power.
During the year, as the candle is used for the Easter season, for baptisms, funerals, and sometimes even weddings, we see the candle burn down. It should not retain its shape or size. AS it burns down we are reminded that time does not stand still and that our time on this earth is running out, have we changed. We, like the candle, must diminish so that Christ might increase. The Easter Candle is a reminder of Christ in our lives and our need, our calling, to be transformed to be healed from every form of evil and sin.
Why do insist on making my own candle? Because the liturgy of the church invites me to.
Jesus often refers to the kingdom of God as a vineyard and what is it that we should expect from the vineyard, we should expect wine. We all know what we should get from the vineyard, but Jesus points out that even when the vineyard produces good wine the tenants don't want to share. Sadly Jesus' parables hold true today for us.
Think of it this way. All of us are part of the Kingdom of God and we are here to help build up that Kingdom. We have been given gifts and talents that we are suppose to use for the building up. Each of us, like the vineyard in the parable, is called to produce and produce in abundance and each of us like the tenant is expected to give the Owner His share.
What is the Owner’s share? The Owner’s share is a part of our time, treasure and talents. If every member of the parish offered 20 hours a month to help the parish, how much work could we get done? There would never be a shortage of people to go to the prison or the hospital. People in the hospice could be visited daily. If every person gave 20 hours a month, think of how we could discover and use the talents of the members of our parish. Think of how we could build up the relationship between the schools and the parish, how we could out-reach to the poor, think how St. Vincent de Paul would be able to offer its services all year round.
How about if we were more open to sharing our treasure? In this country there is a tax benefit for donating to the church, even the government encourages giving. Many will say “yes but I give to the Cancer Society, the hospital, and many other 'non-government agencies'" but this is not the same as giving back to God. NGO's did not give you your talents, your treasure, your time here on earth, God gave it to you. We are called to love God above all things and we often show this in our care of our neighbour, but that's not the same as giving back to God. I don't have to even believe in God to care for the poor, I don't have to believe in God to visit the sick or a prisoner, but for us as Catholics we do it because we do believe in God so we stand up and declare it.
When you minister to the poor, when you visit the sick, do you do it as a passionate Catholic or as just a concerned member of the community? When you give to the church do you do so because God gave it to you first? Do you live your life publicly as a Catholic?
When the owner comes to the vineyard you are in charge of, how will your accounting look?
We can never give back to God as much as He has given us, but we could try. Or as the old saying goes, the more you give the more you will receive.
[Here] monasteries are being closed and sold that are hundreds of years old because there are less and less monks and nuns. Parish churches are being closed and sold for they have no priest and so few people go to church and those who do fight for the half dozen parking spots.
Often when we talk about old and new we are talking about the scriptures and the shift in the scriptures from the Old Testament to the New Testament. But do we recognize in our lives this shift also? In the Old Testament we have a focus on the law and the letter of the law and often times in our lives we are very "law filled ". This is how we did it in the past and we are not changing is a common refrain that reminds us of the law and the letter of the law. The New Testament invites us to reflect on the "spirit of the law and not the letter of the law". We can sometimes look at this as a shift from what I want to what does God want from me?
Going through the old monasteries gives a person a chance to see how the old and the new have been brought together. In the "old" days they had no electricity, no heat but as the world changed they found a way to add lights and heat to the old buildings. They kept the old and embraced the new. In the "old" days there were many monks and nuns, now there are only a few so they rent out space to people seeking a quiet moment in life. In the "old" days there was no running water and often the water was not safe so they brewed beer and made wine for themselves, now they live off the money raised from selling the beer and wine and drink water. In the "old" days the walls were rock, brick or plaster! maybe if it was a wealthy place wood. Now rock walls have been torn down and replaced with new walls with insulation.
But one of the most powerful things for me is walking into the chapel and seeing the consecration candles telling me that this holy place was built to stand forever, to be a place of God for all days. You cannot miss the marks on the wall where Chrism Oil was used to mark the Chapel or Church for the glory of God. But for every one marked to stand forever were hundreds like St. Patrick's, blessed to stand for awhile and then be replaced as the needs of the people changed.
The "old" are beautiful in some ways but more importantly they are a reminder that the church has moved on, we are not the "old" anymore, we are something new. The letter of the law is not going to get us to heaven, but the spirit will.
As I visit some of the "old" and I see the selling of the beer, wine, honey or the collection basket asking for help to maintain these old buildings I keep thinking of Jesus, "do not turn my Father’s house into a market place" but there we are, making His house a market place.
There are so many empty old churches in Europe, falling into ruin yet there are so many who claim to be Catholic and friends of Jesus, yet they don't go to His house to visit Him.
All of this just reminds me that it is not about brick and mortar, it's about a personal walk with Jesus, it's about a oneness with God found only in the Eucharist. Pope Francis keeps reminding us that we need a new Evangelization which has to start with each of us, we need to reexamine our walk with God, and how we live our lives as Catholics. Are we focused on Jesus in the Eucharist? Are we focused on the future of our faith? Are we handing on the faith to our youth? Are we living like Jesus, "foxes have holes, birds have nests but the Son of God has no place to lay His head".
What have I learned about the old and new? These old buildings here don't get one cent from the Holy Father, because it's not about bricks and mortar, it's not about buildings, it's all about Jesus.
It's time to let the old go; it’s time to let St. Patrick’s go. The day the Eucharist was taken from St. Patrick’s something changed, Jesus left the building. He is not there, He is risen.
Three days that are one. If you look at these three days you see a very interesting understanding of our faith. What might I be talking about? If the three days are one day and the Easter Vigil fulfills your Easter Sunday obligation then would you not have to have attended all three days to say you were at the Vigil? From the Vigil till Mercy Sunday is the octave of Easter, 8 days that are one. So what is really going on?
In the Triduum we have three very distinct parts of the life of Jesus that we need to focus on, if we push it all together we can lose sight of the importance so one or more aspects. So we keep them separate to maintain the importance of each part.
For example a funeral service is made up of three distinct parts, the Vigil, the Funeral Mass and the Internment. But often people want to try and put it all into one celebration. I had one family ask if we could just do all the prayers at the grave site. Another wanted everything at the funeral mass and no one would go to the grave site. Just like the Triduum each part plays an important role in the life of the people.
The Vigil service at the funeral reminds us of the life of the person and how they have touched us. The Holy Thursday service tells us of the gift Jesus has left us in his body and blood. Here these two services share a common theme and invites to know the person and to reflect on the intimacy of our relationship with them.
The Funeral Mass is about the promise made to us in baptism, that we will be raised up on the last day. The white garment reminds us that in death we are equals in the eyes of God for Jesus dies for all of us equally. The Good Friday service is the rememberance of how much God loves us and how he calls all of us to himself. That even though we are sinners, Gods mercy is greater.
The interment of the deceased is the letting go and moving forward in our lives. We know we have lost something, someone but we are called to move forward sharing the life of the person with others. At the Easter Vigil we also have closure, HE IS RISEN. His is not walking the earth with us anymore but he will come again but until he comes again we have been called to be His hands, His Feet, His voice to the world, we must move forward and share Him with the world.
Just like Jesus, when we leave someone in the ground we know that the Spirit is not there, it is with Jesus. We can go back to the tomb just like the early disciples, but he is not there He is Risen. We need tombs and graves they are our reminders that is why so many people go back to the Holy Land, to walk where Jesus walked, but in reality He is with us walking with us and we are the ones who make Him present.
Scripture tells us that where ever two or more are gathered in my name there I am in your midst. On Holy Thursday we celebrate also the institution of the Priesthood, we are called to remember that when we gather, no matter where we gather, if we gather in His name he will be with us, and if we are blessed to have a priest with us, through the priest and the Holy Spirit, Jesus will become truly present for us in the Eucharist.
When ever a family gets together and shares the stories of its deceased members, those people become present once more for us for they live on in memory. At the Eucharist we gather to share the story of God, but unlike the deceased family member who only comes back in memory, Jesus comes to in what looks like bread and wine but in reality is Jesus, body, blood, soul and divinity.
The next time you go to a funeral remember you are minor way living the Triduum.
On Wednesday Feb. 19th the Holy Father gave and interesting teaching on the Sacrament of Reconciliation. I include the text from the media office at the Vatican.
GENERAL AUDIENCE: Confession
The Holy Father dedicated his catechesis at this Wednesday's general audience to the Sacrament of penance. After touring St. Peter's Square in an open car, greeting the thousands of faithful who applauded as he passed, the Pope explained that “the forgiveness of our sins is not something we can offer to ourselves; it is not the result of our efforts, but rather a gift from the Holy Spirit, which fills us from the wellspring of mercy and grace that surges endlessly from the open heart of Christ, crucified and risen again. … It reminds us that it is only by allowing ourselves to be reconciled through the Lord Jesus with the Father and with our brothers that we may truly be at peace”.
Pope Francis explained that the celebration of this Sacrament has transformed from its previously public nature to the private and reserved form of Confession. However, “this should not lead to the loss of the ecclesiastical matrix, which constitutes its living context. Indeed, the Christian community is the place in which the presence of the Spirit is felt, which renews hearts in God's love and brings all brothers together as one, in Jesus Christ”. He continued, “For this reason, it is not enough to ask for the Lord's forgiveness in our own minds and hearts, but rather it is also necessary to humbly and trustfully confess our sins to a minister of the Church”.
The Bishop of Rome emphasised that the priest does not only represent God, but rather the community as a whole, and that anyone who seeks to confess only to God should remember that our sins are also committed against our brothers and against the Church, which is why it is necessary to ask forgiveness from them too, and to be ashamed for what we have done. “Shame can be good”, he affirmed; “It is good for us to have a certain amount of shame, because to be ashamed can be healthy. When someone has no shame, in my country we describe them as “sin verguenza”, shameless. Shame can be good as it can make us humble, and the priest receives this confession with love and tenderness, and forgives in the name of God. Also from a human point of view, to unburden oneself, it is good to speak with a brother and to tell the priest those things which lie so heavily upon our hearts. And one feels unburdened before God, with the Church, and with a brother. Do not be afraid of Confession!”
The Pontiff went on to ask those present when they last confessed, and strongly urged them not to overlook Confession. “If a long time has passed, do not waste another day, go, the priest will be good. It is Jesus who is there, and Jesus is better than a priest, Jesus will receive you, he will receive you with love. Be courageous and go to Confession! … Every time we confess, God embraces us, God celebrates! Let us go ahead on this path. May God bless you!”
Pope Francis, courtesy of Fr. Thomas Rosica, CSB, English language assistant, Holy See Press Office.
Understanding the new changes in the Church is an ongoing struggle for many people. With the New Roman Missal we went back to some old ways and some new ways.
1. We don't kneel to receive the Eucharist. people are not forbidden from doing this but it is highly discouraged. Begging the question of why is it discouraged? Some would argue that it is a greater sign of reverence. Others would argue that it draws attention to ourselves and not to what we are receiving. One of the keys to this is found in the words we recite just before we receive the Eucharist, we profess that we are not worthy, but only say the word and i shall be healed. Because we are healed we don't coming in supplication but rather we come in jubilation and exaltation, we stand.
2. Even if we are not receiving the Blood of Christ we still bow to the Chalice as we pass by. Why? Because contained in the Chalice is the Blood of Christ and we need to offer due respect for the Blood of Jesus. In the same way before we receive the Body of Christ we should have offered a head bow to the Body of Christ in the Ciborium, we are not bowing to the Eucharistic Minister but what is in the Ciborium.
3. Receiving on the tongue or in the hand are both totally acceptable. But if we are going to receive on the hand we should make sure our hands are clean and when we present our hands that we are forming a plate with them. When we receive on the tongue, the tongue should extend outside the mouth in a sense forming a plate to receive the Body of Christ.
As a general rule we do not take the Body of Christ, it should not be handed from the priests fingers to our fingers. the exception to this, and there are always exceptions. is due to age or arthritis.
4. The Rule on state of Grace has not changed. We are still suppose to be in a State of Grace, that is free from sin. Sadly many people don't seem to realize that if we have serious sins on our hearts the only sacrament that takes them away is Reconciliation. Probably the worst sin in this area is believing we don't need to go to Reconciliation. But Reconciliation is not just about what we have done, it is also about what we have failed to do.
5. Abstaining from food for an hour before receiving the Eucharist is also still in affect. And for those not aware, that includes not chewing gum during mass. One of the upsetting things is people taking the gum out of their mouths to receive Jesus and then putting the gum back in right after. Then particles of Jesus become mixed in with the persons gum and sooner or later they throw the gum away, with Jesus stuck to it.
6. Now after we receive we stand until everyone has received and then we kneel or sit to say our personal prayers. Again the exception for this would be the elderly and parents with small children.